Traditionally, general elderly care has paid more attention to whether the material conditions meet the requirements of the elderly, but when we face aging, we have no choice but to do nothing when facing diseases. When facing death, no matter how close we are, we cannot accompany our colleagues. The psychologically serious stimulation and pressure have already been taken. Can not ignore.
01 Solve The Psychological Problems Of The Elderly Staying In
After the elderly enter the nursing home, they will face many psychological pressures, such as problems with their peers and staff, psychological anxiety caused by family conflicts, and fear of death.
Sometimes even a word is not good, it will make the elderly unable to think about it. Therefore, learning some psychological knowledge, mastering some communication skills, providing some basic psychological care, alleviating the psychological pressure of the elderly, and providing psychological support to the elderly and their families are also the responsibilities of the elderly caregivers.
Most of those who live in the elderly are elderly, sick, unaccompanied at home or can’t have home rehabilitation. They must leave their own living environment and habits that have been formed for many years, and re-choose and adapt, causing great psychological pressure on the elderly.
There are many factors that affect the mental health of the elderly: retirement, widowhood, family conflicts, economic problems, natural and man-made disasters, and reputation.
Some data show that 57% of the elderly lose interest in life, 52% of the elderly have a sense of loneliness, 45% have a sense of depression, 40% have a sense of aging, and 55% have a personality change. The most common psychological problems among the elderly in nursing homes are anxiety, depression, loneliness, and low self-esteem.
When an old man was first admitted to a nursing home, he was very resistant. After he came to the hospital, he refused to stay in the hospital. He tried every means to go out. When sleeping, he turned over and became irritable. After two months of treatment, the nursing staff took care and care, the old man’s condition improved, his mood became more stable, and he was able to live in peace of mind.
Now the old man has lived in the courtyard for more than two years, and his life has become more regular. His body is much tougher than when he was first admitted to the hospital. He pushed his wheelchair to walk downstairs, watched TV, read the newspaper, and sang every day. The elderly and children often come here to bring food and use for the elderly, and take them home for a few days during the holidays. The elderly are spending every day happily and enjoying their twilight years.
Try to reconfirm whether the life of the elderly is fulfilled. If the activities during the day are rich and interesting, and the day is so colorful, then the morning dressing and dressing will be smooth. On the contrary, if you have a tedious life every day, you will become indifferent to your appearance.
02 Common Anxiety In The Elderly
1. A sense of situational out of control
After the elderly move into the nursing home, they are unfamiliar with the environment of the institution and lack understanding of the staff. This kind of ambiguity in the situation or the inability to grasp the situation will cause the body to feel strong anxiety.
Not only is the unclear and unsure of the physical environment causing anxiety, the unclear and unclear of the social environment can also cause the body to become highly nervous and self-defense.
The elderly are relatively poor in adapting to the environment, showing little speech, reluctance to communicate with others, and at a loss when they need help.
2. A sense of deprivation of living space
Personal space provides a person with a sense of self, security and control. When personal space is violated, people will feel the loss of privacy and a sense of intimidation.
After the elderly move into the apartment for the elderly, they must leave their own living space for many years and change from living alone to a collective life. Their daily life and even their privacy are exposed to others’ vision. The staff can enter and exit at will, and the elderly feel their own life. Deprived of space, they feel helpless and worried, and even some elderly people refuse to leave their rooms and are in a state of high alertness.
3. Poor adaptation to the role
As the elderly grow older, they become self-centered in their personality. They believe that their life has made a great contribution to society and family, and hope that people around them like him, respect him, and obey him.
After staying in the apartment for the elderly, the “core position” in the family was naturally cancelled. Especially for some male elderly people, the consistent parental style no longer exists and became the object of “management”. Some elderly people feel depressed or often lose their temper. , Mood fluctuates greatly, which is extremely detrimental to the body and mind of the elderly.
4. Inferiority complex and uselessness
When the elderly reach a certain age, they will naturally change from the dominator of society to the dependant of society, and from the creator of social wealth to the consumer of social wealth. Although each of the elderly living in the apartment for the elderly has their own life and work experience, their past is brought to an end after moving in the apartment for the elderly.
They live a life of eating and opening their clothes to stretch out their hands. They watch the time passing by their side every day. They have more than enough energy and lack of energy. They are a burden to the family and the society. This sense of inferiority and uselessness makes The old man feels dazed, loses confidence in life, even pessimistic and desperate.
5. The loneliness of “isolation”
Old people are not only facing gray hair and wrinkles, their real misfortune is not physical weakness but spiritual indifference and loneliness.
After the elderly moved into the apartment for the elderly, they left their relatives and friends. Due to the reduction of self-care ability and the reduction of activity space, they re-established new interpersonal relationships and appeared powerless and helpless.
Some even think that living in an apartment for the elderly is abandonment of the family and society, manifested in the tedious life, melancholy, loneliness, sadness, emptiness and sadness, indifferent emotions, and indifference to changes in the outside world.
6. Language communication barriers
Interpersonal communication refers to the process in which people use verbal and nonverbal symbol systems to communicate information. Due to physical aging and disease factors, the elderly suffer from slurred speech, vision and hearing impairment, which makes language communication lack of accuracy and effectiveness, and is irritable, irritable, and uncooperative.
03 Nursing Measures As A Caregiver
1. Help the elderly grasp the situation
The staff should warmly welcome new residents and take the initiative to introduce them, including the environmental facilities and interpersonal relationships of elderly care institutions, such as the elderly’s dormitory, recreation room, rehabilitation room, work and rest time, dining time, and special special offers that may be provided for the elderly. Services, etc., make the elderly feel respected, accepted and have a sense of belonging, which can shorten the time for the elderly to adapt to the new environment.
2. Provide a sense of security for the elderly
In elderly care institutions, areas such as beds and bedside tables where the elderly live are personal spaces for the elderly. Knock on the door and obtain the consent of the elderly when entering and exiting the room, especially for the elderly who are visually impaired and sensitive to hearing. When providing services for the elderly, such as making the bed unit, fetching articles and laundry for the elderly, explanations should be done to prevent the elderly from invading the space.
3. Help the elderly adapt to the role as soon as possible
Communicate with the elderly patiently, and organize the elderly to communicate with each other, introduce each other, know each other, understand each other, and integrate. Because they are similar in age and have a common struggle experience, they are easily attracted to each other. This makes the old people feel that both the staff and the elderly are members of this special family, and everyone treats each other as equals, gets along in harmony, and respects each other.
4. Help the elderly overcome inferiority complex
In order to avoid the feeling of gap, inferiority and uselessness of the elderly, the staff should brainstorm and carry out various and rich activities suitable for the elderly for the elderly, such as storytelling, painting and calligraphy exhibitions, chess games, and create opportunities for the elderly to make full use of. Show their glorious past, in order to educate and encourage young staff, let the old people feel that their traditional virtues continue in the younger generation, and fully reflect their sense of value.
5. Eliminate the loneliness of the elderly
Do a good job in the ideological work of the elderly, deeply analyze the development trend of elderly apartments under the current situation and the society’s demand for elderly apartments, so that the elderly realize that living in elderly apartments is an important part of the social pension, and it is by no means family and society. abandon. The staff should have more contact with the elderly to understand their psychological needs and satisfy them. At the same time, do a good job in the ideological work of family members, and visit the elderly as much as possible when conditions permit, so as to eliminate the feeling of loneliness.
6. Communicate with the elderly in a variety of ways
When there are obstacles in verbal communication, the function of non-verbal communication becomes more obvious. We can communicate with the elderly through eyes, facial expressions, movements, etc., and only in close contact with the elderly can we understand each other’s information conveyed by nonverbal communication. Patience, meticulousness, and care are undoubtedly the best way to overcome this obstacle. way.
In the process of elderly care hong kong, the nursing staff should be guided by the holistic nursing concept, not only paying attention to the physical condition of the elderly, but also paying attention to the psychological and social needs of the elderly. Communicate with the elderly naturally and softly, and don’t let him think that you are diagnosing psychological problems for him.
When chatting, I will observe the old man’s expression, attitude, behavior, etc. to further judge the old man’s psychological condition. After discovering that the elderly have psychological problems and pressure, they should be treated in time. Carry out various activities frequently, let the elders communicate with each other in the activities, and alleviate the loneliness of the elders.
Resolutely change the “one bed” and “three meals” old-age care model, truly embody the spiritual old-age care, avoid and alleviate the psychological pressure of the elderly, make the elderly live comfortably and happy in the elderly care institutions, and improve the quality of life of the elderly.
Of course, nursing staff in the elderly care institutions should actively learn psychological knowledge, improve the level of nursing, establish a harmonious relationship with the elderly through daily speech actions, create a good environment in both life and psychology, and adopt targeted nursing methods for the elderly with different characteristics. , And ultimately achieve the goal of improving the quality of life of the elderly.